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The Connection of 4th Gorkha Regiment and Bakloh (HP)

In 1866, the then Government acquired Bakloh, as Goorkha Cantonment for the 4th Goorkha Regiment and Balun, Dalhousie Cantonment,as cantonment for British troops, along with a sliver of territory to connect the two cantonments, from the Raja of Chamba for a sum of rupees 5000. Bakloh, a hill station, remained the home, and the Regimental Center and Depot, of the 4th Gurkha Rifles, for 82 years, from 1866 to 1948. The 2nd Battalion 4th Gurkha Rifles (2/4) saw service in Mesopotamia, present day Iraq. 3rd Battalion, 4th Gurkha Rifles (3/4 GR), was ordered to be raised during the war; but due to a clerical error the 4th Battalion, 3rd Gurkha Rifles (4/3) was raised. 3/4 GR was eventual raised in World War II, in Bakloh, on 1 October 1940. During World War II, the third and fourth battalions (3/4 GR and 4/4 GR) were raised in Bakloh, on 15 November 1940 and on 15 March 1941 respectively. 

The battalions of the regiment saw action in the Mediterranean, Middle East, North Africa, Italy, India's border areas in Nagaland, Manipur, and Mizoram, and the Far East. n the wake of the Partition of India, in 1947, the 4th Gorkha Rifles (GR) Regimental Center and Depot, was shifted from Bakloh, first to Dharamshala, the Centre of the 1 Gorkha Rifles, and then to Chakrata, and finally to Sabathu, Shimla Hills, HP. In Sabathu the 4th Gorkha Rifles Centre was merged with the 1 Gorkha Rifles Centre to form the First and Fourth Gorkha Training Centre (14 GTC). In 1948 out of total of 50 officers posted to Gorkha Regiments from Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun, to make up for the departing British officers, 9 young officers were posted to 4GRRC, Bakloh. Of these 9 young officers (YOs), 6 remained with the regiment, the rest were posted to other regiments after a short stay at Bakloh. The YOs traveled to Bakloh on 4 January 1948, on the same day, as Colonel RAN Davidson, the new commandant of 4GRRC. 

Colonel Davidson, formerly 2/4 GR, a bachelor who had spent much of World War II, as a Japanese POW, and who was popular with YO, had a short tenure of just 14 days. He was replaced, by Lt Colonel Rajbir Chopra, formerly of the Rajput Regiment, who became the first Indian commandant of the 4GRRC. Colonel Ran Davidson, continued as adviser till 27 March 1948. The Subedar Major of the 4GRRC in 1948 was SM Sher Jung, the previous SM Agam Gurung having been promoted as officer. Second Battalion of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (2/4 GR), Mainli Paltan, was raised in Bakloh, in 1886. In 1947–48 war, Operation Eraze, the spring offensive by Major General K S Thimayya, GOC 19 Infantry Division, in June–July, 1948, 2/4 GR and 1 Grenadiers, secured and drove the enemy out from areas Gurais and Kanzalwan, thus ending the threat to Srinagar, J and K, from the north. 2/4 GR, in 1998–99, was deployed in UN Peace Keeping Mission, in Lebanon, as part of UNFIL, in area Ibl-al-Saqi along the Israel–Lebanon border in the Golan Heights.2/4 GR celebrated its 125 anniversary, or the Quasquicentennial anniversary, in Trivandrum, Kerala, 21–24 April 2011.

The anniversary was attended among others by Major General BD Kale, former commanding officer of the battalion, and the President of the 4 GR Officer's Association. Forth Battalion of the 4th Gorkha Rifles (4/4 GR), the Kainli Paltan, also called Phor Phor, was raised in November 1962, in Bakloh, Himachal Pradesh, following the Chinese Invasion. It celebrated its Golden Jubilee at Dera Baba Nanak (DBN), Punjab, on 22–25 November 2011.  n 1977, the regimental reunion was held in Bakloh. It was hosted by 5/4 GR. The reunion was attended by large number of officers, Junior commissioned officers (JCOs) and men, including many Indian and British officers who had served in Bakloh, before the 4 GR Centre was shifted to Sabathu.

The NL has a standard layout and content list. It includes a 'President's Message', 'Colonel's Page', Editor's page, 'Secretary's note' News of veterans, 4 GR Battalions (1/4 GR, 2/4 GR, 3/4 GR, 4/4 GR, 5/4 GR and 15 RR), Gorkha Sabhas in Bakloh, and Dharamshala, reminiscences by retired and serving  officers,obituaries, and articles by retired British officers of the 4GR.
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